Emission and Fuel Economy Standards Are Tough on the Ford F-150

Emission and Fuel Economy Standards Are Tough on the Ford F-150TSC Ford Specialist knows that emission and fuel economy standards are tough on the Ford F-150, and they also know that by 2025 the government’s mandates on the subject will be even more strict. We are all aware that with the way the world is consuming energy, our need for better emissions and fuel economy is a top priority. We need cleaner air, plain and simple. But we also want our vehicles to run cleaner. We can all be conscious of the vehicles we drive, and there is a lot of room for constant improvement from vehicle manufacturers. Let’s see where this is all heading, and what lies ahead for the future of the Ford F-150.

By the year 2025, the MPG requirements for SuperCab-size trucks will have surged by a third to 33.3, and the CO2 limits will fall by an equal percentage; the fuel-economy numbers refer to test results with real-world driving. The new standard requires light trucks, including crossovers, vans, SUVs and pickups, to improve by 3.5% per year from 2017 to 2021 and then by 5% between 2022 and 2025. That seems like a pretty big bill to fit, but it is possible! Here is an example: A 2011 Ford F-150 model with two-wheel drive and a 3.7-liter V-6 gasoline engine has a combined city and highway rating of 19 mpg. That same F-150 would have to achieve approximately 30 mpg combined by 2025, which is an increase of about 11 mpg.

Fast forward, one billion dollars, and six years later, Ford took the initiative to clean up their act by giving the Ford F-150 a new aluminum body, smaller turbocharged engines, and a lighter and stronger steel frame. It worked somewhat, but now the regulations are getting even stiffer, and it will be back to the drawing board for the number one selling Ford truck in America. Ford knows they have to either meet the regulations or be fined and shut down. Gas/electric hybrids and 10-speed transmissions are now starting to pop up; that means everything is heading in the right direction.

Let’s gain a solid understanding of the new rules: In 2010, the EPA and NHTSA came up with regulations establishing the “One National Program” of corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) for light-duty vehicles for 2012–2016 In 2012. They also joined in the rules by extending the program through to the 2025 model year. These rules require manufacturers, such as Ford, to design a light-duty fleet with average fuel economy number of approximately 45 mpg by the year 2021 and about 54.5 mpg by the 2025 model year. Each manufacturer’s main task depends on the type of vehicles it sells. The rules also give the opportunity for manufacturers to earn credits for technologies that acquire real-world carbon dioxide reductions, as well as for fuel economy improvements. Manufacturers also can earn credits for improvements in air conditioning systems for example.

So why did this snowball start rolling in the first place? Well, the progress on clean air has stalled because low gasoline prices boosted the popularity of pickups, minivans, and sport utility vehicles, which people think tend to pollute the air more than cars. So, the average greenhouse-gas emissions from new models were 6 percentage points higher in March than in August 2014.  The fuel economy of models sold in May was down 0.4 mpg from the same month, according to the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. Clearly, the snowball needs to stop.

What will Ford have to do to meet requirements?

The reinvention, so to speak, of this great truck, will include a new 3.0-liter Power Stroke Diesel engine option available in 2018. This comes along with other engine improvements to help with fuel economy, 7 new front grilles, 6 new wheel styles, updated and more improved lights and interiors, as well as the already updated aluminum body. The updated engines should help recover the truck’s fuel economy ratings, which haven’t beat the Fiat Chrysler’s Ram. The most recent F-150, with 2.7-liter EcoBoost engine, can boast 19 mpg in the city, 26 mpg on the highway, and 22 mpg together, trailing the Ram 1500 diesel engine’s 21 mpg city, 29 mpg highway, and 24 mpg combined ratings. These are the biggest changes to the truck since the 2015 model, and we are willing to bet there will be more improvements along the way at the drawing board.

Here are some great facts in point form for Ford and other companies to meet regulations in the future:

  1. Electric-Ford needs competitive models to continue to prove their innovativeness in the industry and respect from clients.
  1. Hybrids-A bit pricier and not as popular, but do have excellent fuel economy incentives and are becoming the way of the future.
  1. Aerodynamics-improves vehicle efficiency, and very popular with customers who want a sleek, fast ride. Safety regulations may pose as potential hurdles to pass, but the technology is close.
  1. Turbo Charge-makes vehicles lighter and reduces engine friction allowing for a cleaner and more efficient ride.
  1. Less Weight-vehicle material improvements such as aluminum bodies, structural components and more will mean better fuel economy and grant less wasted energy while driving.
  1. Eco-friendly materials-bio materials, recycled materials, soy-based plastics and foams, and anything that can lighten up and green up the inside and outside of vehicles. Costly and hard to work with, but necessary for a better vehicle.

Here are some disadvantages with obtaining emissions and fuel economy if you own a pickup like a Ford F-150. Towing payload and off-road capabilities required by customers mean they weigh 12%-15% more than cars, and they have the aerodynamic efficiency of a truck full of cement. So, I guess we need a hybrid pickup! Well, the good news is, 30% of Ford’s F-150s already have this battery, and the share will rise to 60% by next year. By 2020, Ford will have a hybrid pickup truck with a battery powerful enough to drive every day, according to CEO Mark Fields of Ford.

Emission and fuel economy standards are tough on the Ford F-150, but TSC Ford Specialist knows that Ford is up to the challenge to make their clients a better running truck that saves them money and protects the Earth from any more harmful pollutants we don’t need. Be sure to keep yourself updated on all the latest information and regulation standards either through TSC Ford Specialist, Ford websites, or the Environmental Protection Agency.

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